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HELPING CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVE DISORDER (ADHD) DURING THE PANDEMIC

Attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that effects children and often continues until adulthood. It includes problems such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactive and impulsive behavior. Children with this disorder may also struggle with low self-esteem, poor performance in school and troubled relationship. Adults may have trouble managing time, setting goals and being organized; they may also have a problem with relationships. This disorder is more common in boys than in girls.

ADHD SYMPTOMS

 

Inattention

Hyperactivity-impulsivity

  • Difficulty paying close attention to details
  • Trouble holding attention on tasks
  • Trouble organizing tasks and activities
  • Appears forgetful in daily activities
  • Shorter attention span and is easily distracted
  • Difficulty with structured schoolwork
  • Difficulty completing tasks that are tedious or time-consuming
  • Unable to sit still
  • Fidgets, squirms in seat
  • Leaves seat in inappropriate situations
  • Takes risks with little thought for the dangers
  • Talking more than others
  • Often answers quickly
  • Trouble waiting their turn
  • Interrupts or intrudes on conversations

 

According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders symptoms must be present for six months or more to a degree that is much greater than others of the same age and they can cause significant problems.


HELP CHILDREN WITH ADHD (TREATMENT AND THERAPY)

While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. Treatments like medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.


STRUCTURE AND STAY ORGANISED

Children with ADHD tend to have more difficulty managing their behavior and staying on task when their schedule is uncertain. This is particularly true when they don’t know how long they will need to wait to do pleasurable activities.

  • Create a daily schedule for your little one.
  • Waking up and going to bed almost on same time daily.
  • Keeping hygiene routines (teeth brushing, hair combing, baths, making their bed).
  • Identifying times for school work, chores, play and highly rewarding activities.
  • Keep the schedule on the refrigerator. Write changes on the schedule as far in advance as possible.
  • Have a place for everything, organize everyday items.
  • Using homework and notebook organizers. Use organizers for school material and supplies.
  • Teach your child the importance of writing down the things.
  • Children with ADHD need consistent rules they can understand and follow.
  • Giving praise and rewards when rules are followed. Look at the bright side of your child.

 

THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX TO REWARD

Structured rewards are important and give your little ones something to work toward. Identify things your child enjoys, and then let them know when these activities will happen.


THERAPY

Behavior modification teaches how to replace bad behaviors with good ones. It might involve practical assistance, such as help organizing tasks, or working through emotionally difficult events. This therapy also teaches a person how to monitor his or her own behavior. How to give oneself praise or rewards for controlling anger or thinking before acting.


Psychotherapy
 (counseling
) can help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration. It can also help improve their self-esteem. Counseling may also help family members better understand the child or adult with ADHD.

Social skills training can teach behaviors, such as taking turns and sharing.


MEDICATION

ADHD medications reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve their ability to focus, work, and learn. It also may improve physical coordination. Anyone taking medications must be monitored closely and carefully by their prescribing doctor.

Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid” – Albert Einstein

 

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