Attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that effects children and often continues until adulthood. It includes problems such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactive and impulsive behavior. Children with this disorder may also struggle with low self-esteem, poor performance in school and troubled relationship. Adults may have trouble managing time, setting goals and being organized; they may also have a problem with relationships. This disorder is more common in boys than in girls.
According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders symptoms must be present for six months or more to a degree that is much greater than others of the same age and they can cause significant problems.
HELP CHILDREN WITH ADHD (TREATMENT AND THERAPY)
While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. Treatments like medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.
STRUCTURE AND STAY ORGANISED
Children with ADHD tend to have more difficulty managing their behavior and staying on task when their schedule is uncertain. This is particularly true when they don’t know how long they will need to wait to do pleasurable activities.
THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX TO REWARD
Structured rewards are important and give your little ones something to work toward. Identify things your child enjoys, and then let them know when these activities will happen.
Behavior modification teaches how to replace bad behaviors with good ones. It might involve practical assistance, such as help organizing tasks, or working through emotionally difficult events. This therapy also teaches a person how to monitor his or her own behavior. How to give oneself praise or rewards for controlling anger or thinking before acting.
Psychotherapy (counseling) can help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration. It can also help improve their self-esteem. Counseling may also help family members better understand the child or adult with ADHD.
Social skills training can teach behaviors, such as taking turns and sharing.
ADHD medications reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve their ability to focus, work, and learn. It also may improve physical coordination. Anyone taking medications must be monitored closely and carefully by their prescribing doctor.
“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid” – Albert Einstein